Going with the flow is the second rule a new financial advisor learns to become successful. You sell only those investments your client wants and nothing else. This rule explains very easily why so many individual clients of financial advisors sold all their common stocks in 2008 and 2009 at the bottom of the market and bought bonds, annuities, private placements, non-traded securities and anything else but common stocks until now.
This year investors are committing funds to long term equity mutual funds. This commitment, however, is not to U.S. based companies. According to Morningstar data, the estimated fund flows into long term mutual funds through September are:
Our Definition of Quality
Because the idea of “quality” is a value statement that is different for everyone, it is important for me to give you a definition of what we consider “quality” to be in our search for high quality companies to invest in. Our simple definition of quality is a large, excellent business that is financially sound, able to generate large amounts of free cash, and willing to share that cash with its owners over many years.
A more extensive list of characteristics we use to define quality is:
- A very large company measured by market capitalization of equity (outstanding shares X market price).
- A prominent, well known and widely followed business. One that most non-professional investors would know by name.
- A conservatively financed company. One in which the shareholders own more of the business than the banks or bond holders claims on the business.
- A long history of successful business operations through multiple economic cycles.
- A dominant market position that can withstand the onslaught of competitors.
- A company with the ability to innovate new products or services, advertise those products and services, and be the price leader for those products and services.
- A company with a consistently high return on capital.
- A well respected company by both its customers and competitors.
- A company whose management is willing and able to share the rewards of a successful business with their shareholders through dividends and continuous growth of equity.
Why quality investing is more important today than ever
The economies of most countries are stagnant or growing so slowly that they are not able to employ all of their citizens that want to work. World political leaders are in direct conflict with most of their own central bankers and, in many cases, their own citizens; who have no idea if a great inflation or debilitating deflation is around the corner. We know that wealth disparity is harmful, yet our politicians continue to attack the problems with ideas that have failed for decades. Our businesses around the globe are struggling to play by the rules, but have no certainty in what those rules are today, or will be tomorrow. And to top it all off, the world markets are reacting in sync to specific political and economic turmoil, regardless of its place of origin.
During periods of uncertainty the risk adverse nature of high quality companies have historically been less volatile than the market in general. Better yet, they seem to benefit from the known flight to quality nature of investors during major market sell offs and have generally recovered their previous market value shortly after the crisis periods end.
A low relative price
As you know, we always want to buy low. It is our primary weapon against permanent loss of capital. Today quality has a low relative price compared to the broader markets, especially the smaller growth companies currently in the limelight.
The following table compares the S&P 100 with the S&P 600. The S&P 100 is a subset of the S&P 500. Its members are 100 blue chip companies with the highest market cap of those companies that are included in the S&P 500 index. The S&P 600 consists of 600 smaller companies selected by Standard and Poors. It is designed to represent the performance of smaller public companies share price over time. Both the S&P 100 and S&P 600 are market cap weighted. You can buy a represented portfolio of the S&P 100 and the S&P 600 via an ETF or open ended mutual fund. Our table is equal weighted to highlight individual company valuations.
When we combine a low price with high quality, we have the best of both worlds—at least in my book. Today seems to be one of those times when quality is on sale.
Until next time,
Kendall J. Anderson, CFA